The National Practitioner Data Bank (NPDB) is an electronic information repository created by Congress. It contains information on medical malpractice payments and certain adverse actions related to health care practitioners, entities, providers, and suppliers. Federal law specifies the types of actions reported to the NPDB, who submits the reports, and who queries to obtain copies of the reports. Organizations must be authorized according to federal law to submit reports and/or query the NPDB. Organizations authorized to access these reports use them to make licensing, credentialing, privileging, or employment decisions. Individuals and organizations who are subjects of these reports have access to their own information. The reports are confidential and not available to the public.
To improve health care quality, protect the public, and reduce health care fraud and abuse in the U.S.